10 of Quebec's biggest stories in 2022
2022 has come and gone. From politics to papal visits to (cancelled) pride parades, here's a list of 10 stories that dominated headlines in Montreal over the past year:
Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ) secured a landslide victory in the 2022 provincial election, with François Legault entering his second mandate as premier with a majority government.
His party's final score -- 90 seats with 40.97 per cent of the popular vote -- wasn't much of a surprise, at least to those following the polls.
The race was far tighter among the opposition parties, each receiving between 12 and 16 per cent of the vote but differing significantly in the number of seats won (the Quebec Conservatives, for example, didn't win a single seat despite earning 12.92 per cent of popular support).
In the wake of these results, multiple party leaders called for electoral reform, claiming the system does not accurately reflect the will of Quebecers in the National Assembly.
With 21 seats, the Quebec Liberals managed to secure a second mandate as the official opposition, but not without many scrapes and bumps along the way.
After a tumultuous few years as Liberal leader, topped off with a rocky election campaign, Dominique Anglade announced her resignation from the party in November.
The summer of 2022 saw the passing of Bill 96, An act respecting French, the official and common language of Québec.
To say the bill is controversial would be an understatement, with particular opposition coming from Anglophone, Indigenous and business groups.
The bill, enacted through use of the notwithstanding clause, made French the Quebec government's exclusive language of communication, with some exceptions.
The goal is to promote the French language in Quebec, which statistics show is on the decline.
The months since Bill 96's enactment have been a flurry of protests, court challenges, and article suspensions, with those in support of the law fighting back with equal fervour.
In July 2022, Pope Francis made a historic trip to Canada.
The Pope, whose visit included a three-day stop in Quebec City, had a core mission: to apologize for the Catholic Church's role in Canada's residential schooling system.
Whether said apology made a lasting difference remains to be seen; Pope Francis' "penitential visit" to Quebec was met with mixed reactions from Indigenous audiences, with some marking the event as an important step in reconciliation and others calling it lip service.
Although pope tours in Canada are few and far between, attendance at the Plains of Abraham was lower than expected.
The Pope's travels nevertheless highlighted the lasting hurt caused by residential schools, with survivors coming together to share their stories and demand reconciliatory action.
DEATH OF GUY LAFLEUR
In April 2022, Montreal Canadiens legend Guy Lafleur died from lung cancer at age 70.
"The Flower" was the all-time scoring leader for the Habs and played 17 seasons in the NHL, winning five Stanley Cups.
His passing was met with an outpouring of grief from hockey enthusiasts around the world. A national funeral was held in his honour, attended by politicians (including Prime Minister Trudeau), hockey pros and hundreds of devoted fans.
A national funeral is a rare honour in Quebec, given to those who "made an impact on political life, as decided by the government," according to the province's definition.
Just as it did in 2020 and 2021, COVID-19 dominated the news in 2022.
In addition, back-to-school dates were postponed and non-essential commercial establishments were closed.
In February, the wave of "Freedom Convoy" protests had made its way to Quebec City, with demonstrators from across the province assembling to protest COVID-19 restrictions.
It's an attitude that made many health experts wary, especially as hospitals buckled beneath a cocktail of infections in the fall: COVID-19, influenza and respiratory syncytial virus.
Faced with this triple epidemic, Quebec health officials "strongly recommended" masking in public in November, but stopped short of making it mandatory.
SUNWING PLANE PARTY
It's a COVID-19 story that merits its own category: the Sunwing party scandal.
At the beginning of 2022, a group of Quebecers made international headlines after social media videos showed them partying maskless, vaping and drinking on a Sunwing flight to Cancun, Mexico.
The group was made up partly of Quebec social media influencers and reality TV stars, compounding the story's virality and even prompting a mention on Jimmy Fallon's The Tonight Show.
The incident touched a serious nerve with Quebecers and beyond as they grappled with a surge in cases of the COVID-19 Omicron variant and tightened pandemic restrictions.
Dozens of passengers involved have since been fined for breaking COVID-19 protocols.
2022 saw yet another virus make its way to Quebec: monkeypox. As of Dec. 23, 525 cases have been confirmed in the territory.
Montreal quickly became Canada's epicentre of the viral disease, which presents as a flu-like infection with a rash.
However, thanks to a rigorous vaccination campaign, infections were nearly eradicated across the city by November.
The campaign largely targeted men who have sex with other men, with an outdoor vaccination clinic set up in Montreal's Gay Village throughout part of the summer.
Although Montreal officials report a decreased rate of gun violence in 2022, the homicide rate went up.
Forty-one homicide deaths were reported in Montreal over the last year. In 2021, that number was 37. In 2020, it was 25.
Tragically, a handful of those deaths were teenagers. A string of violent teen deaths rocked Montreal in 2022, prompting calls for improved youth mental health and community services.
Quebec also saw multiple femicides over the year. Three of those femicides occurred back-to-back in the spring, leading experts to call for more drastic measures to reduce domestic violence.
Their pleas became all the more urgent in September when a man from Montreal's South Shore was accused of killing his spouse and two children.
Less than a month later, another man, this one from Laval, was also charged with murdering his two children.
PRIDE PARADE FLOP
On the morning of Sunday, Aug. 17, 2022, thousands of Montrealers were readying for the annual pride parade, when they would take to the streets in celebration of the LGBTQ+ community.
But thousands of Montrealers would be gravely disappointed.
The Montreal Pride parade organizers cancelled the event just hours before it was set to start, citing a lack of personnel.
The cancellation was a crushing blow for participants, especially given the parade's previous two-year COVID hiatus.
But that didn't stop Montreals from showing their pride, with makeshift celebrations popping up around the city.
2022 rounded off with a historic event in Montreal: COP15, the United Nations biodiversity summit.
The December summit brought delegates and leaders from around the world to Montreal's Palais des Congrès.
The main goal was to develop a global nature protection agreement -- a goal that proved difficult to achieve.
After nearly two weeks of negotiations, nations were hashing out the details until the last minute, with developing countries pushing for additional funding from developed ones.
Eventually, the agreement was reached, with nations agreeing to protect 30 per cent of earth's land and marine areas by 2030.
The event was also peppered with protests, with activists demanding more civilian decision-making powers and less emphasis on industry and government interests.
COP-15 involved Montreal's largest security operation in 20 years, with the Place d'Armes metro station blocked off to the public for the duration of the conference.