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COP15 in Montreal


COP15: Delegates close to major biodiversity agreement, says environment minister

A global agreement to protect a significant portion of the world's land and water will be reached in time for the end of COP15 in Montreal, federal Environment Minister Steven Guilbeault predicted Sunday. The Canadian minister spoke on the eve of the last official day of the conference as negotiators worked on a proposed agreement that would include funding provisions totalling several hundred billion dollars.

COP15 nature negotiations racing to finish line but disagreements still plentiful

The draft text of a new agreement to protect nature from destructive human behaviour is still littered with disagreement as COP15 talks in Montreal barrel toward their conclusion on Monday. With one million species facing extinction this century and a majority of both land and marine environments already significantly altered by human activities, the 196 nations in the UN biodiversity convention are seeking a bold new agreement that halts further destruction of nature and seeks to restore what has already been lost.


The Conference




COP15 UN Biodiversity Conference

The Biodiversity Crisis

  • What is biodiversity?
    Biodiversity is the variety of all forms of life on our planet. The plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms that make up our natural world work together in ecosystems, essential to supporting life.
  • Is biodiversity important?
    Very much so. The planet is facing a dangerous decline in biodiversity due to human activity, with the largest loss of life since the dinosaurs. The United Nations has concluded that one million species worldwide are threatened with extinction. The pace is increasing.
  • What are the key biodiversity issues being addressed at the conference?
    The draft framework includes 22 different targets. They include reducing invasive species and pesticide use, cutting food waste, ensuring fair access and sharing of genetic resources and ending government subsidies that harm biodiversity. Target 3 calls for the conservation of at least 30 per cent of global land and sea areas. 
  • Why are people protesting?
    Environmental activists have publicly raised doubts about the convictions of governments, saying they created the problems, and can’t be trusted to fix them.
  • Where can I read more about biodiversity and the climate crisis?
    Sign up for The Climate Barometer newsletter or read more in our local or national climate and environment sections.



A monarch butterfly is seen in the Insectarium in Montreal, on Wednesday, November 9, 2022. Montreal Mayor Valerie Plante made an announcement on the protection of pollinating insects ahead of a U.N. conference on biodiversity next month in Montreal. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Paul Chiasson

Road Closures, Parking & Transit

  • Where is COP15 taking place? 
    The conference is in Montreal, Quebec, the seat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Secretariat. Events are being held at the Palais des congrès, at 1001 Pl. Jean-Paul-Riopelle, Montréal, QC H2Z 1H5
  • What streets will be affected?
    Pl. Jean-Paul Riopelle is closed to the public.
    Chenneville and De la Gauchetiere Sts. are accessible to local traffic only. De la Gauchetiere, usually a one-way going west, is flipped eastbound between De Bleury and Jeanne Mance Sts. 
    Meanwhile, traffic is reduced to one lane on: 
    Viger Ave., between St-Urbain St. and Pl. Jean-Paul-Riopelle (south-side lane closed)
    St-Antoine St. between St-Urbain St. and Pl. Jean-Paul-Riopelle (north-side lane closed)
    St-Urbain St. between St-Antoine St. and Viger Ave. (west-side lane).
  • What about parking?
    The Palais des congrès parking lot is only open to authorized vehicles.
  • What about public transit? 
    The Place-d’Armes metro station is closed from Dec. 1 to Dec. 20. Passengers will travel between Champ-de-Mars and Square-Victoria-OACI without stopping at Place-d’Armes. Buses are also avoiding the area (see the map here).
  • What about bike paths? 
    Cyclists will have access to the REV between Viger Ave. and Saint-Antoine St. 


A police officer patrols the fenced off perimeter of the Montreal Convention Centre in Montreal, Sunday, December 4, 2022, ahead of the COP15 UN conference on biodiversity. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Graham Hughes


Inuit community leads Arctic shift to clean energy: hydroelectric project to replace diesel

For many years, Inukjuak, like many communities in the north, has relied on diesel to heat homes, keep the lights on, and power its institutions. Now, for the first time in the region, construction is underway on a massive hydroelectric project. When it's completed, it will replace diesel at the community's primary source of energy, and provide a surplus which Inukjuak will sell to Hydro-Quebec.

Overcoming the past

Overcoming the past Canada's history in Inukjuak

Inuit in Inukjuak are still overcoming the effects of Canadian influence in their home. In this extended interview, Inukjuak's former mayor, the late Simeonie Nalukturuk describes, in his own words, the residential school system, the dog slaughter, and the forced Arctic relocation. CONTENT WARNING -- This interview contains details some may find distressing.


IN PICTURES Inukjuak to leave diesel behind

Inukjuak is one of 14 Inuit communities in Nunavik, the northernmost region of Quebec. Take a look at some scenes from there, as community members prepare to stop using diesel, which presently provides for the bulk of the municipality's energy needs.


ABOUT THIS PROJECT Concordia project: Green energy reporting and Call to Action 86

This is a story about Inuit resilience, self-determination and true climate leadership. The day before this site went live on CTV, the documentaries were screened at Uquutaq High School in Inukjuak. Next up, we will screen with the Indigenous Clean Energy team at the Canada Pavilion at COP27 in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The focus is on Indigenous communities leading the way in Canada’s energy transition.


Science and Technology

Here's how new AI tech could change the iPhone

Generative AI, artificial intelligence that can provide thoughtful and thorough responses to questions and prompts, could potentially breathe new life into Apple’s iPhone lineup at a time when competitors are threatening to leave the company behind in the race to shape what could be a world-changing technology.