Quebec English-speakers have higher unemployment, lower income than French-speakers: study
Whatever your image of Quebec English-speakers -- rich Westmount-dwellers, perhaps -- odds are that it dates back a few decades.
A new report has created an updated portrait, and it's starkly different than what many expect, showing that English-speakers are struggling financially compared to their French-speaking counterparts.
"What we found was that English speakers have a two percent higher unemployment rate than francophones and that they have about $2,800 less in median income," said Nick Salter of the provincially funded think-tank PERT, which wrote the report.
More specifically, English-speakers have an average unemployment rate of 8.9 per cent in Quebec, while French-speakers have a rate of 6.9 per cent.
That gap widens much further in some regions, such as in Côte-Nord, where more than a quarter of English-speakers -- 25.5 per cent -- are unemployed.
English-speakers' unemployment rates are lower than French-speakers in only two administrative regions: Bas-Saint-Laurent and Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, both of which only have a very small English-speaking population of between 1,000 and 2,000.
And English-speakers' income is lower in all but three administrative regions: Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Mauricie, and Chaudière-Appalaches.
In four other regions, meanwhile, including the Eastern Townships, English-speakers earn $4,000 less, on average, than French-speakers.
The data in the study came from the 2016 national census and from the provincial statistical institute.
PERT is an organization focused on English-speakers' labour participation, and this study was funded by the secretariat of English-speaking Quebecers' relations, or SRQEA.
"Once considered to be a homogeneous elite, Québec’s English-speaking community has undergone considerable changes over the past four decades," the report's writers concluded.
In 2022, Quebec English-speakers are not only a varied "group of communities" by past standards but by national standards. "They are the most ethno-culturally diverse official language minority community in Canada," the report found.
"One quarter of Québec’s English-speaking population belongs to a visible minority, the majority of whom are Black or South Asian."
As a whole, English-speakers are also contending with a lot of demographic change, including an aging population at the same time as "high levels of youth unemployment."
PERT's researchers found overall that English-speaking Quebecers are feeling especially punished by Bill 96, the language bill on the verge of passing into law, because it comes at a time when many are already lagging in the work world or in income.
ANGLO YOUTH HAVE ESPECIALLY HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
English-speakers make up a sizeable minority within Quebec, representing 13.8 per cent of Québec’s population and 14.3 per cent of the labour force. About half of them live in Montreal.
Between the two linguistic groups, the differences look even starker when you take age into account.
English-speakers are younger on average than French-speakers. For French-speakers, the biggest age group is 45- to 64-year-olds.Among English-speakers, the biggest group is younger -- ages 25 to 44.
However, it's that younger group that makes up the biggest share of the labour force in both linguistic groups.
For youth under 25, English-speakers have an unemployment rate of 16.3 per cent while their French-speaking counterparts have a rate of 11.9 per cent.
While both linguistic groups tend to work in the same major industries, there are slight differences in emphasis, with health care and social assistance jobs being the most common among Quebecers as a whole, but retail being the leading employer of English-speakers.
On the other hand, English-speakers tend to struggle to adjust and to have a harder time in regions where manufacturing and "resource-oriented" industries are the major local employers, the report found.
These regions "tend to have lower labour force participation from English speakers," it said.
GREATEST SUPPORT FOR BILL 96 IN THE REGIONS
Some influential French-speakers have argued publicly against the bill in recent days, notably Yves Boisvert in a La Presse column this weekend, writing that "there are parts of this bill that will not help protect the French language but will only annoy the English community."
Surveys show that two thirds of French-speakers support the bill, but that support is concentrated in specific groups: people over 55 and in the regions rather than the metropolitan areas.
"They’re worrying that the place of French in Montreal is decreasing for a myriad of reasons—but they don’t even live in Montreal," said Christian Bourque of the pollster Leger Marketing.
"But we’ve seen that in Quebec before," he said. "It’s the same with immigration: the further you are from people who are recent immigrants, the more you believe immigration is a threat."
Montreal Top Stories
CTVNews.ca Top Stories
Canada will add 74 more people and businesses in Russia and Belarus to its sanctions list, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced on Monday as he met other G7 leaders in Germany to discuss the threat to global security posed by the invasion of Ukraine.
Ottawa's mayor is warning the city won't tolerate any illegal activity downtown during Canada Day festivities this year, as the city prepares for possible protests.
Scores of civilians were feared killed or wounded in a Russian missile strike Monday on a crowded shopping mall in Ukraine's central city of Kremenchuk, Ukrainian officials said.
Several cars on an Amtrak train derailed in Mendon, Missouri, on Monday after hitting a dump truck at a crossing and there are early reports of injuries among the approximately 243 passengers on board, Amtrak said in a statement.
Organizers of a central Alberta rodeo and its parade committee are calling for calm after a float in this weekend's parade, which possessed a racist theme, was seen in the procession.
The moon has a new double crater after a rocket body collided with its surface on March 4.
A new subvariant of Omicron is expected to become the dominant strain of COVID-19 in Ontario, health officials say.
South African authorities investigating 21 teenagers found dead at an east coast tavern over the weekend said on Monday the youths were probably killed by something they ate, drank or smoked, ruling out the earlier-touted possibility of a stampede.
An Ontario man whose car was stolen from his driveway in midtown Toronto twice in three months is revealing how he tracked and located his second vehicle.
An Ontario man says he’s been in a “helpless” years-long battle with the RBC, and is now in debt and on the hook for more than $8,000, after someone stole his debit card and guessed his PIN.
A Toronto bank employee has been stabbed several times during a robbery.
N.S. expands eligibility for 2nd COVID-19 booster doses, suggests waiting until fall to book appointments
Nova Scotia is expanding eligibility for second COVID-19 booster doses to include anyone aged 50 and over, however health officials are suggesting people wait to book appointments until the fall.
The Nova Scotia SPCA is asking for support from the community to help five dogs who are in desperate need of care. The SPCA says the dogs were recently rushed to urgent care after they were found starving and dehydrated.
A motorcyclist was taken to hospital with what are believed to be life-threatening injuries following a crash near Halifax's MacKay Bridge Monday.
A dog at the center of a search after the vehicle he was in was stolen, has finally been found and reunited with his owners.
Four London teenagers are facing charges Monday for their alleged involvement after a police officer was assaulted and knives and drugs were seized over the weekend, according to police.
A sexual assault over the weekend has led to charges, according to police.
OPP say an arrest warrant has been issued for a 20-year old Hamilton man after a man was shot late Friday night on Manitoulin Island and later died from his injuries.
A 76-year-old man in Sault Ste. Marie has been charged with sexually assaulting an underage person.
Manitoulin OPP were called out Saturday to a report of a possible drowning at Chutes Provincial Park, they said in a release.
The Calgary Stampede announced on Monday that retired CTV News meteorologist David Spence will be serving as the celebrity judge for the 2022 Stampede Parade.
The Wild Rose province unveiled its annual update of popular and unique baby names on Monday, with Noah and Olivia claiming the top spots again.
A 29-year-old North York man has been arrested in Thunder Bay in connection to a shooting earlier this month in Simcoe.
A 26-year-old man from Erin, Ont. has died after being struck by a dump truck near Drumbo, Ont.
The Guelph Nighthawks have signed former Toronto Raptor Lucas ‘Bebê’ Nogueira as an international designated player.
The agency that oversees the majority of British Columbia’s 911 calls is anticipating one of the busiest summers on record for emergency services and first responders.
Henrik Sedin, Daniel Sedin and Roberto Luongo have been voted as the Hockey Hall of Fame's class of 2022.
Police say there is "growing concern" for a woman who's been missing more than two months.
Leaders from four First Nations in central Alberta say the Pope's upcoming visit can help the world understand the impacts and intergenerational trauma that the residential school system inflicted on Indigenous people.
Juanita Melenko told the Western Canada Lottery Corporation she decided to buy a $100 ULTIMATE instant ticket while she killed some time between loads of laundry.
Windsor firefighters responded to a fire near the Devonshire Heights area on Monday.
A Chatham retiree said he was 'silent and in shock' when he checked his lottery ticket to discover he had won $100,000.
Windsor firefighters are reminding residents about the rules for launching consumer fireworks in the city.
A seven-year-old Regina boy is being treated for serious injuries after being struck by a vehicle at a bus stop in Regina on June 21, according to an online fundraiser.
The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party has elected Carla Beck as its new leader.
A 28-year-old man on a bicycle was seriously injured Sunday evening after being hit by a pickup truck near the intersection of Garnet St. and Dewdney Ave., the Regina Police Service (RPS) said in a news release.
Former Ottawa Senators captain Daniel Alfredsson has been named to the Hockey Hall of Fame.
Ottawa police are asking for the public’s help in locating a missing 16-year-old autistic boy.
Saskatoon's wastewater treatment plant struggled to keep up during the June 20 rainstorm that battered the city.
The signs of COVID-19 are at their lowest levels in Saskatoon's wastewater since January.
The Saskatchewan New Democratic Party has elected Carla Beck as its new leader.