In June 1940 Italy declared war on France and Great Britain, Canada declared war on Italy, and as a result the Canadian government rounded up 600 men and placed them in internment camps.

Historian Joyce Pillarella's latest book is called "Remembering The Internment Italian Canadians During World War 2."

One-third of those men were from Montreal, and many were always ashamed of what happened to them.

"The families i have been speaking to, the children of the internees, they've also kept silence on this issue," said Pillarella.

Well-placed business people, doctors, all Canadian citizens, rounded up and taken away because of their ethnic background or country of origin.

"It brought a shame and even though they were very integrated into Canadian society that shame played out in many different ways so you had discrimination. You had people having difficulty finding a job, people being thrown out of jobs."

A statue to commemorate the event will be unveiled Wednesday night at the Casa D'Italia, and 10,000 copies of Pillarella's book will be distributed.

Watch the interview for more.