Canada sheds 88,000 net jobs in January
The Canadian Press
Published Friday, February 9, 2018 10:55AM EST
OTTAWA -- The number of jobs in Canada fell by 88,000 in January to give the labour market its steepest one-month drop in nine years, Statistics Canada said Friday.
The overall number was dragged down by a loss of 137,000 part-time positions in what was easily the category's largest one-month collapse since the agency started gathering the data in 1976.
Statistics Canada's latest jobs survey said the net decline helped push the national unemployment rate up to 5.9 per cent in January, from a revised 5.8 per cent the previous month.
But on the other hand, the agency said the economy generated 49,000 full-time positions last month.
"Overall, a mysterious mix of good and bad, with the latter's impact blunted by how strong job gains were in the lead-up to these figures," CIBC chief economist Avery Shenfeld wrote in a research note to clients.
"January saw an (88,000) drop in employment, reversing about half of the spectacular gains we registered late last year. But the details also looking wonky, with all of the job losses in part-time work."
Even with the overall decline in January, Canada has been on a strong run of job creation that has seen the country add 414,100 full-time jobs over a 12-month period. The growth represents an increase of 2.8 per cent.
Over that same period, the number of less desirable part-time positions declined by 125,400 or 3.5 per cent.
The January reading marked the end of a 13-month streak of job gains, however, about half of those positive numbers were within the survey's margin of error.
A closer look at the numbers revealed that the number of paid employee positions also experienced a significant loss last month by shedding 112,000 positions.
By comparison, the number of people who identified as self-employed workers -- often seen as a less desirable category that includes unpaid work in a family business -- increased last month by 23,900.
Wage growth also received a boost in January, a month that saw Ontario lift its minimum wage. Compared with the year before, average hourly wages for permanent employees expanded 3.3 per cent.
By region, the agency said Ontario and Quebec saw the biggest decreases last month, while New Brunswick and Manitoba also had net losses.
Here are the jobless rates last month by province (revised numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Newfoundland and Labrador 14.0 per cent (14.7)
- Prince Edward Island 10.6 (9.7)
- Nova Scotia 8.2 (8.0)
- New Brunswick 9.1 (7.8)
- Quebec 5.4 (5.0)
- Ontario 5.5 (5.6)
- Manitoba 5.6 (5.6)
- Saskatchewan 5.4 (6.5)
- Alberta 7.0 (7.0)
- British Columbia 4.8 (4.6)
Here are the jobless rates last month by city (revised numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- St. John's, N.L. 8.4 per cent (8.6)
- Halifax 6.8 (7.0)
- Moncton, N.B. 6.1 (5.7)
- Saint John, N.B. 6.4 (6.0)
- Saguenay, Que. 6.2 (6.0)
- Quebec 3.3 (3.9)
- Sherbrooke, Que. 5.8 (6.0)
- Trois-Rivieres, Que. 4.2 (4.3)
- Montreal 5.8 (6.0)
- Gatineau, Que. 5.2 (5.5)
- Ottawa 5.4 (5.6)
- Kingston, Ont. 5.6 (5.5)
- Peterborough, Ont. 4.8 (4.6)
- Oshawa, Ont. 5.2 (5.5)
- Toronto 5.9 (6.0)
- Hamilton, Ont. 4.7 (4.6)
- St. Catharines-Niagara, Ont. 5.9 (6.7)
- Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ont. 5.1 (5.4)
- Brantford, Ont. 4.7 (4.7)
- Guelph, Ont. 5.7 (6.2)
- London, Ont. 6.5 (6.2)
- Windsor, Ont. 4.6 (6.0)
- Barrie, Ont. 4.8 (3.4)
- Sudbury, Ont. 6.8 (6.8)
- Thunder Bay, Ont. 5.8 (6.1)
- Winnipeg 5.7 (5.6)
- Regina 4.4 (4.6)
- Saskatoon 7.4 (7.7)
- Calgary 7.6 (7.5)
- Edmonton 7.2 (7.2)
- Kelowna, B.C. 6.5 (6.2)
- Abbotsford, B.C. 4.4 (4.8)
- Vancouver 4.1 (4.1)
- Victoria 3.9 (3.5)
A quick look at January employment (revised numbers from the previous month in brackets):
- Unemployment rate: 5.9 per cent (5.8)
- Employment rate: 61.7 per cent (62.0)
- Labour force participation rate: 65.5 per cent (65.8)
- Number unemployed: 1,153,400 (1,139,100)
- Number working: 18,557,100 (18,645,100)
- Youth (15-24 years) unemployment rate: 10.9 per cent (10.5)
- Men (25 plus) unemployment rate: 5.2 per cent (5.2)
- Women (25 plus) unemployment rate: 4.8 per cent (4.7)